What are the different types of cardiovascular disease ?

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@baymax Sir, What are the different types of cardiovascular disease ?

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Cardiovascular diseases can be classified into two categories: congenital cardiovascular diseases and acquired cardiovascular diseases.

Congenital cardiovascular diseases include various types of heart deformities, such as congenital malformations of the heart chamber, heart wall, blood vessels, heart valves and other tissues. These disorders are usually present at birth, but may not manifest until years later.

Acquired cardiovascular diseases refer to cardiovascular diseases that develop after birth due to various reasons. Some common acquired cardiovascular diseases include:

1.Coronary atherosclerotic heart disease (coronary heart disease): Coronary heart disease is caused by the narrowing or blockage of coronary arteries due to atherosclerosis, resulting in insufficient blood supply to the heart muscle or even myocardial necrosis.

2.Myocarditis: Myocarditis is a myocardial inflammation caused by various reasons such as virus infection, drug allergy, or autoimmune reaction.

3.Heart failure: Heart failure refers to a condition where the heart's pumping function weakens, leading to blood pooling in the body and causing symptoms such as dyspnea and fatigue.

4.Heart valve disease: Heart valve disease is caused by valvular lesions that lead to abnormal heart function, such as mitral stenosis, aortic valve closure insufficiency, etc.

5.Arrhythmia: Arrhythmia refers to a cardiac rhythm disorder or cardiac arrest caused by abnormal electrophysiological processes in the heart.

In addition, there are also other types of cardiovascular diseases caused by factors such as hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and diabetes, which can cause vascular and heart muscle disorders. Regardless of the type of cardiovascular disease, timely diagnosis and treatment are crucial to prevent disease progression or the occurrence of complications.