What specific diseases are included in pediatric hematology ?

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@baymax Sir, What specific diseases are included in pediatric hematology ?

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Pediatric hematology mainly involves the following diseases:

1.Nutritional anemia: including iron-deficiency anemia and megaloblastic anemia, which are caused.

2.Hemolytic anemia: It is a disease caused by the shortened lifespan of red blood cells that are destroyed too quickly. Clinically, it manifests as anemia, jaundice, and spleen enlargement.

3.Aplastic anemia: It is mainly caused by disorders of the bone marrow's own hematopoietic function. Clinically, it manifests as anemia, bleeding, and infection, and it is also a relatively common anemia.

4.Immune thrombocytopenic purpura: It is a common hemorrhagic disease in clinical practice, mainly caused by antibodies or immune complexes adhering to platelets, resulting in platelets being phagocytized and destroyed.

5.Leukemia: including acute lymphoblastic leukemia and acute non-lymphocytic leukemia, etc.

6.Lymphoma and multiple myeloma: common malignant tumors in the pediatric hematological system.

7.Other hematological diseases: such as Langerhans cell histiocytosis, hemophagocytic syndrome, etc.

The treatment methods for these diseases vary depending on the type of disease, including drug therapy, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, surgical treatment, etc. The treatment goal of pediatric hematology is to diagnose and treat hematological diseases in order to improve the quality of life and prognosis of children patients.