What is graves disease ?

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@baymax Sir, What is graves disease ?

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Graves' disease, also known as toxic diffuse goiter, is a type of hyperthyroidism caused by an autoimmune disorder. It occurs when the immune system malfunctions and attacks the thyroid gland, leading to excessive production of thyroid hormones. This results in a range of symptoms, including palpitations, increased appetite, intolerance to heat, excessive sweating, arrhythmias, and menstrual irregularities.

The cause of Graves' disease is believed to involve a combination of genetic, environmental, and autoimmune factors. Genetic predisposition may play a significant role in the development of the condition. Environmental triggers, such as infections, stress, certain medications or chemicals, may initiate an abnormal immune response. The core mechanism underlying Graves' disease is autoimmunity, where the immune system mistakenly attacks the thyroid gland, leading to overproduction of thyroid hormones.

If you suspect you have Graves' disease or are experiencing related symptoms, it is important to seek medical attention and consult a healthcare professional. They will perform relevant tests and assessments to determine the type and severity of the condition and develop an appropriate treatment plan.